At St Peter’s we use ‘Letters and Sounds’ to support the teaching of phonics for reading and writing. Children work through the phases as set out below. Whilst they will work within the phase that is appropriate to their level of learning they may also be given experience of other phases to support future learning or secure previous learning. The children are assessed regularly to ensure that their needs are being met as it is important that each child is secure within a phase before moving too quickly onto the next phase. Daily phonics is taught across Reception and Key Stage 1 to introduce new sounds. Alongside this, children have the opportunity to practice and apply their phonics through linked spellings or sounds to practice for homework and a reading book or reading sentences, carefully matched to their phonetic ability. Carefully planned reading activities in class will also support the children’s application of their phonic knowledge through games, books and activities.
Letters and Sounds Phases
Phase 1 –developing speaking and listening skills.
Phase 2 – systematic teaching of first sound sets taught in short daily sessions where children learn the concept of sound symbol correspondence.
Phase 3 – children move on to sounds represented by more than one letter e.g. ch, sh, th etc
Phase 4 – children learn to read and spell words with adjacent consonants e.g. st, pl, cr etc
Phase 5 – teaching of alternative pronunciation of some tricky sounds – ay, ou, oy, ie, ea.
Phase 6 – reading for most children should now be automatic, however spelling will not be as proficient. This phase provides sharp focus on word specific spelling and broad guidelines for making choices between spelling alternatives.
Please see attached document for how children show Progression in Phonics