The systematic teaching of letters and their corresponding sounds describes in simple terms the principle behind the phonics programme we use. The programme is designed to equip the children with the phonic knowledge and skills they need to become fluent readers by the age of seven. The children are taught word recognition skills alongside language comprehension. The phonics element of reading focuses on the former, teaching children how to decode words for reading and encode words for writing.
The programme consists of six phases, which are followed in accordance with the progress children are making, but which allow flexibility for teachers to be able to move children on when they are ready for the next steps.
Phase 1 –developing speaking and listening skills.
Phase 2 – systematic teaching of first sound sets taught in short daily sessions where children learn the concept of sound symbol correspondence.
Phase 3 – children move on to sounds represented by more than one letter e.g. ch, sh, th etc
Phase 4 – children learn to read and spell words with adjacent consonants e.g. st, pl, cr etc
Phase 5 – teaching of alternative pronunciation of some tricky sounds – ay, ou, oy, ie, ea.
Phase 6 – reading for most children should now be automatic, however spelling will not be as proficient. This phase provides sharp focus on word specific spelling and broad guidelines for making choices between spelling alternatives.
Please find out more about our approach to phonics teaching by reading Phonics Meeting for Parents October 2018